|"Famous Personalities in the History of the Peruvian Paso - A Series" written by Mr. Verne Albright, noted authority and historian This article comes from the magazine "The Peruvian Horse World Review" and is outdated in many areas. Verne's latest book includes updates and changes that have occurred over the years since this artcile was written. - see information that follows -|
Enjoy Some Background Music
While You Tour This
|The word chalan
is derived from the Arabic word Chalab. Although most
Spanish speaking countries do not commonly use the word, in Peru
it has come into wide use; and over the years it has come to
signify the Peruvian Paso breeding operation as most of the Larger
U.S. breeders have discovered, and the meager supply of them
is spread particularly thin at the present time, due to the demand
in both Peru and the United States. As a professional, Peruvian
horse training has only recently began to pay well. For many
years a chalan could expect very little in the way of financial
reward, but they were always respected and had a certain status.
In recent years Peru's Agrarian Reform precipitated cataclysmic
changes, that nearly ended the breeding of Peruvian Paso horses
in their homeland. The cycle of master trainers Ieaving their
"disciples" was interrupted for a number of years.
Apprentice trainers had became Iess common and trainers were
produced more quickly and less carefully. The golden age of Chalanes
passed from the stage and a new age of much Iess able trainers
seems to be on the horizon.
There have been periods in history when extraordinarily large numbers of outstanding men seem to have appeared inexplicably all at once. Some believe that this is some sort of coincidence but others theorize that the stimulation and example of great men goes a long way toward developing the potential to be great in other men. If true the second theory would explain why the best of the chalanes from the golden age came from a very few areas in Peru and almost always grew up and worked together.
On the following pages the reader will find a bit of information on some of the best known modern Chalanes. They were an exceptional group of men and so far their replacements do not appear to be on the horizon, Maybe they were special men in special circumstances who can never be replaced.
|Pedro Torres and Ricardo Soltero|
|Pedro Torres and Ricardo Soltero
grew up together in Guadalupe, and both were taught the art of
Peruvian horse training by Torres' father also named Pedro. Torres,
Sr. had been taught his craft by two black brothers named Ripalda
who lived in Zana.
Distant relatives as well as boyhood chums, Pedro and Ricardo would both one day be honored with a title bestowed upon very few, that of master trainer. In the late 1920's after Soltero had been working at Casa Grande for 4 or 5 years, Torres joined him there.They worked together at Casa Grande for about three years and then left together and went to work at Chilcin. After a half year at Chilcin, Pedro became seriously ill and returned to his parents home in Guadalupe.
Horse training was not a particularly promising profession in those days; and after his recovery, Torres spent the next 5 or 6 years as a middleman in agricultural sales. When his father died, Pedro was selected to work the small family farm with its herd of some 60 cattle and three dozen horses. The small inheritance was diminished by drought and an epidemic of hoof and mouth disease. Torres began training horses again, this time in exchange for feed for his animals during several years of drought.
It was at that point in his life that a horse sale to which he was not a party in any way shaped Pedro Torres entire future. The horse was named Desprecio and was sold by don Jose Zapata of Pacanga to Roberto Castenada, acting as agent for Pucala. One of the owners of Pucala, don Miguel Enrique Yzaga. ordered the horse returned to the seller because, though he was very beautiful his gait was not good. Zapata insisted that the sale was final. Castenada, who was a horse trader and sold many horses to Pucala brought Desprecio to Pedro Torres for training, in the hope that the results would make the horse satisfactory to his new owners.
When Desprecio was returned to Pucala After training, the manager there, Miguel Maurtua, was impressed by the great change he saw in the horse. He sent three more horses to Torres for training. Not long thereafter,Torres was hired as a full time trainer for Pucala, and he was one of the principle trainers by the time Pucala horses went to their first competition in Piura in 1955. Mainly due to the enthusiasm of Miguel Maurtua and Juan Pardo, Pucala took horses to the National Show in Lima in 1956. Among the successes of the Pucala horses was the championship won by Carnaval and Mantaro's first prize in the bozal.
After that very successful initiation into the show ring, the Pucala horse operation fell under the control of Dr. Guillermo Cepeda, who became Pucala's General Manager, Cepeda gave great importance and stimulation to the horse breeding operation. Cepeda, a Mexican, had been a horseman in Mexico and brought a great knowledge of horse care with him to Pucala.
During his years at Pucala, Torres became recognized throughout the entire country as a master trainer. He worked with other trainers during his many years there, mostly notably Abel Rios, the father of Segundo Rios who has worked for several of the top breeding farms in the United States and presently works for Hyder Mountain Horse Farms in North Carolina. Torres retired after Pucala was nationalized during tee Agrarian Reform, but he has recently come out of retirement at more than seventy years of age to go to work for Olaf Hein at his beautiful new Tres Canas breeding farm near Lima.
Torres' long time companion, Ricardo Soltero followed a rather different road to his eventual recognition as a master trainer. After working at Chiclin, he went on to work for a time at the Hacienda Palomino of Federico de la Torre Ugarte,. Next he went to Pucala and then finally to Eugenio Isolas Mayorazco near Lima.
A very prominent man, Isola made gifts of Peruvian horses to such prominent foreigners as Marcos Perez Jimenez, one time Venezuelan strongman, and Argentine Dictator Juan Peron. The horse given to Peron was named Provinciano, and Soltero accompanied the horse to Venezuela and stayed there for several months. When Mayorazco ceased its breeding activities, Soltero went to work for Pedro Cabrera and then for Fernando Peschiera in Chincha where he was employed and esteemed for many years until his death.
|A black master trainer who worked
for many years at Casa Grande, Enemicio Caceda was a very close
friend of Pedro Torre's father. Over the years he had his influence
on the many trainers who worked at one time or another for Casa
Grande. Both Pedro Torres and Ricardo Soltero worked with him.
Sixto Chavez, who has worked in the United States and Canada
gives Caceda a great deal of credit for being an excellent and
willing instructor who influenced many students, a surprising
number of whom gained eventual recognition as master trainers.
Sixto, himself a student of Caceda's also Iearned a great deal while working with Ricardo Soltero, when the two worked together at Chilcin. Chavez never did change jobs, staying with Chilcin which became a part of the Cartavio cooperative when both were expropriated during the Agrarian Reform; but he did twice take a leave of absence in order to work in North America, most recently for Rory and Mimi Busk MacLeod's Crescent Moon Ranch in Canada. There are some who consider him to be the very finest master trainer alive today.
Jose AIva, who also worked in the U.S. for a short while, was another of Caceda's students. Alva's father, Daniel, also taught him a great deal the classical training of the Peruvian horse. Jose, himself, as a young man worked at Sausal, an annex of Casa Grande. With brief interruptions, Alva has worked for Casa Grande most of his life. For a while he was employed by Nazario Villafuerte of Lima and also worked for the W.H. Marcum family in the U.S.
Yet another well known student of Enemicio Caceda was his nephew, Santos Placentia, one of a large number of member~s of the family who were horse~ trainers. Santos lived and worked for many years in the Paijan-Trujillo area where he learned his craft. He was aquebrantador ("breaker"or "gentler") for a while in Paijan and met Pedro Torres and other trainers while there. Anibal Vasquez sent him to Fernado Peschiera's hacienda in Chincha with a group of mares Vasquez had sold to don Fernando. Based on Anibal's recommendation, Peschiera hired Santos. Santos worked there with Ricardo Soltero until he was given a long leave-of absence to work at Bill McClenahan's Cypress Ridge Ranch in California. Santos then returned to Peschiera's San Fernandito and resumed his duties there. he next worked for Vivienne and Charles Lundquist in California at their Meadow Springs Ranch and now works for Poso Creek Ranch, owned by Dorothy Owens and Alice Nunes, in Bakersfield, California.
|Pedro Briones was the master trainer
at don Federico de la Torre Ugarte's Hacienda Palomino for many
years. he grew up in Zana and began as a stable boy. Briones
was instructed in the fine points of training by Gasper Burgos
of Chepen who for many years was the head trainer at Cayalti
near Palomino. His associations with Ricardo Soltero and Pedro
Torres while those two men worked in the vicinity of Palomino
further increased Briones' knowledge. At Palomino Briones also
worked with a number of younger trainers such as Oscar Vasquez
who later worked for Bob & Yvonne Grier in California for
a period of time.
After the death of don Federico de la Torre Ugarte, Briones stayed on palomino and worked with Fernado Ceruti while he was General Manager there. When the Agrariam reform began expropriating land in the north. Palomino was taken from her former owners and annexed by the cooperative at Cayalti, also expropriated. At that time Briones became the head trainer at Cayalti where he is still training horses at the time of this writing.
|Alfredo Leon began his career As
a trainer in Trujillo. he was apparently a student of a black
trainer named Francisco Gonzalea who grew up in Canete and moved
to Trujillo to pursue his career. Leon worked his way up to head
trainer for a Sr. Jacob in Trujillo. From there Carlos Gonzalez
brought him to Lima to work for Eugenio Isola at Mayorazco. After
Mayorazco no longer had need for his services because the horse
breeding operation was closed down, he went to work for Ernesto
Carozzii at Carapongo. Then he became employed by Jose "Pepe"
Musante for whom he worked the rest of his life, first at Granados
and finally Melgarejo.
In the later part of his life, Leon became interested in leaving behind some students, and he freely offered his knowledge to several young, aspiring trainers. Three of his best students who presently work in the United States are Nicanor Juarez, Juan Gallegos and German Baca.
Leon suffered a heart attack just a few hours after he finished a day's horse training and died in don "Pepe" Musante's car on the way to the hospital with his wife, a fellow employee and don "Pepe".
|Eusebio Rodriguez "Baca"|
|Eusebio Rodriguez was born in Ferrenafe.
His father, also named Eusebio, was a mule trainer on the Hacienda
Lulla where he was also Jefe de Ganaderia. Young Eusebio learned
the basics of mule training and horse breaking from his father.
At the age of 15, Rodriguez went to the Hacienda Mamape as a
horse breaker. The owners had just bought 160 horses and mules
from Belasario Cortez of Piura. While working in Mamape as a
breaker, Rodriguez sought out a famous free lance trainer named
Teofilo Valeriano and asked if he could pay for some instruction
in the finer points of training. Valeriano answered in the affirmative
but refused payment. A great deal of affection grew between teacher
and student as they worked together.
Following more than eight months of extensive lessons from Valeriano, Rodriguez was able to land a job with one of the better breeders of the time in the north, Juan Ruesta of Piura where he worked five years before Ruesta's horse breeding operation diminished in size to the point where he was no longer needed. Next he went to work for Jose Antonio Onrubia, where he managed to gain a national reputation for his work in retraining the great *Piloto. When the Agrarian Reform affected Onrubia's lands, Rodriguez came to work in the United States where he first worked for the Thunderbird Ranch and then Jim Foster's Peruvian Pasos del Sur.
|Hilario Carrera was taught the art
of Peruvian horse training by his father, Amador, beginning at
the age of 6 or 7. Under his fathers watchful eye, young Hilario
soon was able to perform certain training tasks such as doubling.
Later father and son went to work for Domingo Seminario in Piura. When he returned to the Lima area, young Hilario began to train horses, working for himself. Both Hilario and Amador worked for a time, but not at the same time, for Mario Canepa of the Hacienda Puente, and later on both did some work for Jose "Pepe" Musante, Sr. During his years as a free lance trainer in the Lima area, Hilario also did work for Jose "Pepe" Risso, Carlos Parodi and Manuel Mazzi. Then came an 11 year stint working for Andres Arata at the Hacienda Aguilar in Callao, followed by more free lancing in Lima. In the early 1070's Hilario came to California to work for Bill McClenahan's Cypress Ridge Ranch, and after that he began doing some free lance training in the U.S.
|Juan "Juanito" Orbegoso|
|Juan Batista Orbegoso ("Juanito"
Orbegoso) was considered by many to be the best trainer of his
time. He knew horses very well, but he also could "feel"
them, something which cannot be learned by any other than those
with the God-given, inborn capacity. He took a notable pleasure
from working with horses, something which he did with great style
It is said that he longed a horse with the style and grace of a bullfighter or a dancer. he was the equitation teacher of such notable aficionados as Carlos Luna de la Fuente, Carlos Parodi and Jose Antonio Dapelo, Jr. he worked for many years for Jose "Pepe" Musante, Sr., who still speaks of him in superlatives and who still treasures the poncho which Orbegoso was wearing on the day he died. In the words of Musante, "He had rhythm with horses that distinguished him completely from ordinary mortals." Orbegoso also trained horses for Roberto Risso, the father of Raul and Jose, at the Hacienda Lobaton.
One day, at 80 years of age, while Orbegoso was getting ready to ride "Pepe" Musante's Llorencito in a parade along Lima's Avenida Alfonso Ugarte, Carlos Luna noticed him taking a number of pills. The trainer suffered from angina pectoris, and Luna recognized the pills as those which had been prescribed for that very problem.
Softly Luna advised him, "Don Juanito, it is best that you don't ride today."
He independent and quick witted Orbegoso unleased his razor sharp tongue and answered, "At the end of my life, don Carlos, who will die? You or me?"
Luna walked away still concerned for his old friend and teacher. Orbegoso rode in the parade, and along the way he died.
|Felipe Marchena grew up on Guadalupe
where his father was the administrator of the Hacienda Marinunes.
he gleaned his considerable knowledge of training from many sources,
among them the master trainers Pedro Aranda and Alfonso Duany.
Aranda was from Guadalupe and worked for a time for Carlos Luna's
family. Duany was from the Lima "school" of trainers
and worked for Jose Antonio Dapelo, Sr. at Hacienda Las Salinas,
famous throughout Peru for its fine fighting bulls.
During most of his life Marchena has been a free lance trainer, and over the years he has worked for Juan Miguel Rosell, Rafael Puga and Rudolfo Venturo. For a short while in 1979 he worked at Bob and Cheryl Bayer's Pepper Tree Ranch in California.
|Other rather well known chalanes
of modern times include, Antenor Reyes, from Chepen, a small
farmer who bought , sold, bred, and trained horses in the area
of Guadalupe. Reyes was trained by his father, Antenor, Sr.
Ambrioso Bernabe Arana grew up in Jequetepeque and began free lance training before he went to work for a series of distinguished employers such as Federico de la Torre Ugarte, Pucala, Jorge Baca in Reque, dona Carmela Zapata de Aramburu and Juan Thorne at Puente Piedra near Lima.
third edition has been expanded to 432 pages. Information has
been added on Bloodlines, training, famous horses and famous
personalities in the breed. It contains a complete list (including
1993) of Champions and Champion of Champions at the National
Shows in the U.S. & Peru. A beautiful 8 1/2 x 11" collector's
quality book containing many outstanding color photographs. This
classic book has been unavailable ever since the 2nd edition
sold out over a decade ago! Perfect for gift - giving! Sure to
become a collector's item!
To order your copy visit the Classic Equitation Home Page
If you have enjoyed reading these
by Verne R. Albright